This 2 weeks intensive short course will enhance the trainees knowledge in the foundation of instrumentation and control. Upon completion of this course the trainee will able to:

  1. Explain various measurement Principles and identify common instrument in measurement applications such as leve, flow, pressure and temperature
  2. Understand standard signals as used in instrumentation and also explain the various unit of measurement available
  3. Understand Control loops, type of control systems: open loop, close loop(feedback control) feedforward control, cascade, split range, ratio etc.
  4. Understand Calibration principles and carry  out simple calibration using the Deadweight tester, temperature water bath, Hart Communicator etc
  5. Understand and interpret basic drawings eg. P&ID, PFS.

 

 

Day 1

  • Welcome address from instructor
  • familiarization with delegates,
  • General safety Induction

 

  1. Overview of oil production system
  • What is hydrocarbon?
  • The deposit, composition of hydrocarbon in the reservoir
  • The wellhead and Christmas tree
  • Structure and components of the Christmas tree
  • Oil wells & gas wells
  • Separation into phases
  • Flowstation or platforms as a separation facility
  • Surge Vessel control
  • Export and sales of product.

Day 2

  1. Course Introduction to Control system
  • Introduction:
  • Definition of Instrumentation
  • Basic Process control system BPCS and Safety Instrumented System SIS explained
  • Manual control system
  • Automatic control system
  • Sensors/ transducers
  • Controllers Explained
  • Actuators Explained
  • Setpoint SP explained
  • Controlled or measured Variable explained
  • Manipulated Variable MV
  • Error and output signals
  1. Some Basic terms used in Control
  • Feedback loop
  • Span
  • Linearity
  • Programmable logic controllers PLC
  • Deadtime
  • Time constant
  • Accuracy
  • Range of Operation
  • Hysteresis
  • Repeatability
  • Calibration
  • Closed loop
  • Gain/Proportional Band
  • Hunting
  • Stiction
  • Transmitter
  • Variable

 

Day 3

  1. Measurement Units and conversion
  • Metric Units/ Imperial Units
  • Fundamental units and Derived units
  • Syteme International de’Unites SI units
  • Unit conversion table

 

  1. Measurement concept:
  • LEVEL:
  • What to be measured?
  • direct and indirect level measuring devices
  • continuous and single-point detection
  • The various types of instruments available for level measurements
  • Application of the various types of level sensing devices
  • Practical demonstration of level measurement sensors (bubble tube, float switch, Archemede’s Principle in Displacer level measurement).

 

Day 4

  • FLOW:
  • Viscosity and Reynolds number
  • Laminar and Turbulent flow explained
  • Mass flow rate and Volumetric flow rate explained
  • Priciple’s adopted in flow measurement
  • Flow Measuring devices and their applications
  • Practical Demonstration of Flow measurement sensors, (Magmeters, rotary vane Positive displacement meters, differential Pressure flow measuring application, orifice plate, Venturi Tube etc).

Day 5

  • PRESSURE:
  • The difference between atmospheric, absolute, and gauge pressures
  • Pressure conversion table
  • Various types of pressure measuring devices
  • Static, dynamic, and impact pressures explained
  • Application considerations



 

Day 6

  • TEMPERATURE:
  • Conversion between different temperature scales
  • Contact and non-contact type detectors
  • Expansion of liquids and temperature measurement
  • The bimetallic strip
  • The seebeck effect and temperature measurement
  • Thermocouples, RTD’s and Thermistors

 

Day 7

  1. Standard Signals:
  • Pneumatic Standard Signals
  • Analogue Signals
  • Digital Signals
  1. Calibration
  • Why calibration?
  • A standard calibration setup
  • The comparator
  • The dead weight tester

 

Day 8

  1. Control loops/control strategy
  • Closed Loop
  • Open loop
  • Feedback control
  • Feedforward Control
  • Ratio control
  • Split range control
  • Cascade control

Day 9

  1. Piping and Instrumentation Diagram
  • PFD, P&ID’s
  • Standard symbols used in the process industry
  • Interpreting the P&ID

 

Day 10

  • Field Visit to a live Plant.

 

Course Test and Assessment

Award of certificates to Successful delegates! Closing Remark From Course Director.

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